DIRS Laboratory 76-3215
August 6, 2019 at 1:00pm
Rinaldo Ronnie Izzo
MS Thesis Defense
Abstract: 

Abstract

 

It has been shown that a mild water deficit in grapevine contributes to wine quality, in terms of especially flavor. Water deficit irrigation and selective harvesting are implemented to optimize quality, but these approaches require rigorous measurement of vine water status. While traditional in-field physiological measurements have made operational implementation onerous, modern small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) have presented the unique opportunity for rigorous management across vast areas. This study sought to fuse hyperspectral remote sensing, sUAS, and sound multivariate analysis techniques for the purposes of assessing grapevine water status. High-spatial and -spectral resolution hyperspectral data were collected in the visible/near-infrared (VNIR; 400-1000nm) and short-wave infrared (SWIR; 950-2500 nm) spectral regions across three flight days at a commercial vineyard in upstate New York. A pressure chamber was used to collect traditional field measurements of stem water potential (ψstem) during image acquisition. We correlated our hyperspectral data with a limited stress range (wet growing season) of traditional measurements for ψstem using multiple linear regression (R2 between 0.34 and 0.55) and partial least squares regression (R2 between 0.36 and 0.39). We demonstrated statistically significant trends in our experiment, further qualifying the potential of hyperspectral data, collected via sUAS, for the purposes of grapevine water management. There was indication that the chlorophyll and carotenoid absorption regions in the VNIR, as well as several SWIR water band regions warrant further exploration. This work was limited since we did not have access to experimentally-controlled vineyard plots, and it therefore is recommended that future work includes a full range of water stress scenarios.